front-end & back-end

Front End Vs Back End Development

Hey Bunkers, Welcome to the 4th chapter of our series web developer. We have till now covered all the basic requirements to make a website, that is about domain hosting and how to connect them. Now what’s next? Are you confused what to do after buying domain and hosting. Don’t worry we are here to help you guys. In this chapter we shall learn about various types of languages used to make a website. We will divide them into front end and back end languages. After reading this blog you can easily distinguish and all the difference between front end and back end programming. You can even choose to become a front end, back end or a full stack developer.

What is Front and back end development?

To get a better idea about the difference between front-end vs back-end development, let’s start at the basics. When you know how web-based projects work, you’ll understand what each specialization is responsible for.

Let’s consider a practical example and assume you want to create a Facebook account.

First, you find your way to the start page of Facebook.

You see a clean homepage with just a handful of helpful links. After a few seconds, you find the right link to click, “Create Account”. You enter your account details, choose a Facebook handle, and confirm using a sign-up button.

So far, everything you saw and used was designed by front-end developers:

  • Colors
  • Fonts
  • Layouts

In other words, front-end developers take care of the visible parts of a website.

So where do back-end developers step in, then?

Well, the moment you confirm your signup process, things get interesting. The information you entered during the registration is sent to Facebook. They use their web servers to store your details in their database. Of course, all of this happens “behind the scenes” , so you can’t really see how Twitter does it.

That’s the work of back-end developers. They built the systems that are responsible for receiving, storing, and retrieving data.

So, when you want to log in, you use your username and password. The system checks it against the data you gave during the registration. If it’s a match, your login is successful, and you can see your Facebook feed.

Summing it up: Back-end developers create the non-visible parts of a website.

front-end developers build everything you see in your web browser, or the client side. Back-end developers, on the other hand, create data-driven features and systems on the server-side.

Both areas work together. The front-end developer needs to make sure that the visible elements on a web page are linked properly to the features built by the back-end developer.

Languages for Front End Development:

As a Front-End Developer, you need to learn at least three languages:

  • HTML – For Markup
  • CSS – For Styling and design
  • JavaScript – For Functionality

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language: Html is used as mark up language and defines the structure of the page. It helps browser understand which text is heading, title or para and much more. You’ll use it to create the actual content and structure for a website. It includes images, text paragraphs, headings, videos, etc. But a pure HTML web page isn’t nice to look at.

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets: CSS defines the design of your page. It is your main tool for styling the HTML elements to look pretty.

JavaScript:  JavaScript is used to implement functionality to the website allows you to breathe some life into your web page. You’ll use JavaScript to add animations, transitions, and interactivity to the elements you created with HTML and styled with CSS.

You can learn HTML and CSS in just a few days. The best way to learn HTML and CSS is to build your own small websites from scratch.

JavaScript may take a longer time to learn and implement but once you learn it, then you have attained powerful weapon.

Languages for Back End Development:

The tools you can use to become a Back-End Developer aren’t as straightforward as it was with the front-end development. The foundation for any back-end work is to learn how to create a connection between website users and databases.

When it comes to choosing a back-end language, the most popular choices are:

  • Java
  • SQL
  • PHP
  • Python
  • Ruby
  • C#

Frontend, Backend or Full Stack developer?

I know it may feel too early to make any decisions about your future career at this point. And I don’t mean to put any pressure on you.

But if you find it difficult to decide what to focus on when you start learning, then

You can learn both areas and combine your front-end skills with those back-end tools. That would make you a Full-Stack Developer.

I mean, it’s not going to be quick or easy to learn two sets of skills. So just start with either one and go one step at a time.

And if that sounds too tough for now, I know how you feel. Learning even one set of tools is going to be more than enough work. But your efforts will pay themselves back.

If you are not ready to code right now and want to blog or something related to it , then there is even option for that . To get the detailed information on other options like blogger and WordPress keep continuing our web developer series. I can assure you we will not keep you unsatisfied. You will be filled with knowledge at every step. If you are interested in app development, track our series of app development :